Thursday, September 3, 2020

Personality Traits Of Hamlet :: essays research papers

In the play Hamlet, Hamlet has various character characteristics. Three of these attributes are that Hamlet is discouraged, shrewd, and reluctant. All through the play you can see these qualities in Hamlet commonly.      It is clear that Hamlet is discouraged in this play. His downturn can be found in Act I scene II lines 129-132, when Hamlet says: "O! this too strong substance would soften, Defrost and resolve itself into a dew; Or then again that the Everlasting had not fix'd His gun 'gainst self-butcher! O God! God!" In these lines Hamlet says that he might want to end it all, however can't in light of the manner in which self destruction is viewed in god's eyes. A greater amount of Hamlet's downturn can be found in Act III scene I lines 56-61 when Hamlet says: "To be, or not to be: that is the issue: Regardless of whether 'tis nobler in the psyche to endure The slings and bolts of crazy fortune, Or then again to take arms against an ocean of difficulties, What's more, by restricting end them? To bite the dust: to rest; No more;" In this discourse Hamlet indeed discusses self destruction. He says he might want to dispose of his unlimited difficulties by murdering himself, in light of the fact that in death he can rest and have no concerns.      Hamlet likewise shows that he is astute in this play. One way that Hamlet's shrewdness is appeared in this play is the way that he responds after he sees his dad's apparition just because. He makes Horatio and Marcellus swear that they didn't see the phantom and to likewise swear that they won't uncover that Hamlet is just claiming to be crazy. You can likewise perceive how Hamlet is shrewd in his arrangement to uncover Claudius as his dad's killer. In his arrangement the players that are visiting the manor will reenact the homicide of Hamlet's dad in the lines that Hamlet has composed for them. This arrangement works since when Claudius sees the reenactment he comes up short on the room in alarm, uncovering to Hamlet and every other person that Claudius did without a doubt murder Hamlet I.      Hamlet is additionally reluctant in this play. This is seen when Hamlet is going to slaughter Claudius. Hamlet needs to slaughter Claudius, however chooses not to when he sees Claudius atoning his wrongdoings. This can be found in Act III scene III lines 74-79 when Hamlet says: "Now may I do it pat, presently he is imploring;

Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Interview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Meeting - Essay Example So often, the unit needs to work with families as a whole† so as to diminish the security and hazard factors that acquired the kids into states care the first place†. Johnson’s work appears to be incredibly troublesome in light of the fact that they manage families that have medication and viciousness issues, psychological well-being issues and cultural dysfunctions. He is presented every day to brutality and different exhausting circumstances which could truly cause significant damage in a timeframe. In any case, he plays out his obligations and duties to rejoin the kids back with their folks or lawful watchmen. Be that as it may, his department’s objectives are only occasionally accomplished. In any case, he despite everything keeps on working and put forth a valiant effort to improve a spot for Texans to live. With the strain representatives can get from the circumstances portrayed above, Johnson doesn't state he adores or even appreciates it. He guaran tees however that â€Å"it takes a specific mindset to work at my job†. He attempts to clarify this by further saying, â€Å"There is a serious extent of worker turnover and wear out. My associates are altogether working under a similar degree of stress and remaining burden as I do, so there is an inalienable bond we as a whole offer identified with the comprehension of what every colleague needs to manage on an everyday basis†. ... intentionally or unknowingly framed an activity that benefits them genuinely and mentally, guaranteeing each other that they see how they feel since they are experiencing comparative circumstances. Likely, the information that one isn't the only one in his battles is now an incredible assistance for the workers particularly for them who are managing troublesome circumstances. This is by all accounts an alternate story advised contrasted with different organizations and offices. In any case, maybe the bond between the colleagues is even more a need that is called for by their conditions and not a strange event that occur in their office. One negative effect of Johnson’s work isn't having enough time with family. He guarantees that he adores his family, made out of an extraordinary spouse and two youngsters and notices their feline and canine with a grin. He says he would truly love to remain with them as much as possible. In any case, his activity places restrictions on this lo nging. He says, â€Å"I am accessible if the need arises 24 hours every day, and could need to go into work at anytime†. He further includes, â€Å"I frequently work in excess of a 8 hour day†. Asked how he handles circumstance among work and family, Johnson says he and his better half handle troublesome circumstances the most ideal way they can. He additionally illuminates that they gain from past slip-ups and proceed onward into better bearings. When asked in the event that he at any point attempted a few answers for decrease pressure, he communicated his thankfulness for the guiding help given in their area of expertise. He additionally guarantees that with the idea of their work, it isn't unprecedented for the representatives to look for advising with specialists since they manage extremely awful circumstances. Talking with specialists to a great extent assists representatives with adapting to pressure anyway Johnson guarantees that whether workers are eager to man age it is

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Free Essays on Enders Game

Ender's Game and Out of the Silent Planet Essay Exposition composed by: Just W.B In the two books, the characters speak to specific sorts of people in the present society. They encounterjealousy, just as numerous different clashes inside themselves, and human instinct. At last, these two books convey the internal clashes of our general public. Both, Ender's Game and Out of the Silent Planet are connected regarding the class structures of society, the characteristics of the characters, and the two characters' battles with others in the accounts. In Ender's Game class structure is carefully military based. The classes are included Citizens, who are simply ordinary citizens, making up the essential populace, however are independent from different classes. Thirds are kids who were permitted to be conceived. In this cutting edge setting the novel happens in. Families were just permitted to contain two kids. Nonetheless, in Ender Wiggen's case, the administration accepted that he was the missing connection, the incredible leader who might lead Earth to triumph against the feared Buggers. Which Ender achieves. Thirds, be that as it may, were avoided, singled out, and regularly left out in light of the fact that they were tried to be social out throws. Launchies were the newcomers to the Battle School. They were consistently around six years of age, and were frequently the attendants of the more seasoned kids warriors. Next came the platoon's. detachment's were the primary battling gathering, which was only the essential officer, they had little regard from others just as themselves. Company pioneers be that as it may, were the more wanted situations at the Battle School. They were the best of the officers, and were veterans. Picked over some undefined time frame, and flight assessing were the Army Leaders. Every Army Leader was relied upon to act a specific way, solidified and astute, just as severe. Those, who made it to Army Leader regularly graduated, and did battle against the Buggers. Over these classes were the political positions. They were frequently c... Free Essays on Enders Game Free Essays on Enders Game Orson Scott Card weaves a mind boggling story of a kid who is destined to spare the Earth in the novel, Ender’s Game. Ender Wiggin is brought into the world a Third in our current reality where just two youngsters are permitted per family. Ender’s more established sibling and sister, Peter and Valentine, were not what the administration expected to spare the world, so Ender was conceived with the expectation that he would be some place in their limits. Dwindle is excessively fierce, while Valentine has a lot of compassion. Ender is the correct mix for the Battle School’s needs. Albeit both Ender and Peter have power, just Ender has regard; the two young men are instinctual executioners, however Peter savors the demonstration while Ender laments the demonstration after he does it; Both young men become saints, yet both won't remain legends when the history specialists start to analyze the occasions. In spite of the fact that Peter and Ender both have control over others, the methods for getting the force and the manner in which every kid utilizes his capacity is unique. Subside acquires power by frightening individuals. Everybody realizes he is equipped for unfeeling homicide, so they do as he says since it is in their own wellbeing. Additionally, he has the intensity of impact on the nets (systems like the web), which he uses to influence people in general. When Peter has picked up power, he utilizes the ability to profit himself. He utilizes individuals as pawns to achieve what he needs to control the world. Ender, be that as it may, gains his capacity by just being prevalent at all the games. He becomes officer of a military, yet doesn’t utilize the military to pick up anything for himself, but to be number one in the standings. He makes the individuals in his order better warriors by training them what he knows. He permits the toon chiefs to settle on choices in fight s, with the goal that the entire armed force doesn’t depend on him, totally. Both Peter and Ender murder all through the novel. Diminish slaughters honest squirrels and creatures. He takes steps to execute Ender and Valentine in the event that they don't do as he says. It is very evident that he appreciates thes... Free Essays on Enders Game Ender's Game and Out of the Silent Planet Essay Article composed by: Just W.B In the two books, the characters speak to particular sorts of people in the present society. They encounterjealousy, just as numerous different clashes inside themselves, and human instinct. At last, these two books convey the inward clashes of our general public. Both, Ender's Game and Out of the Silent Planet are connected as far as the class structures of society, the characteristics of the characters, and the two characters' battles with others in the accounts. In Ender's Game class structure is carefully military based. The classes are involved Citizens, who are simply average folks, making up the essential populace, however are isolated from different classes. Thirds are youngsters who were permitted to be conceived. In this cutting edge setting the novel happens in. Families were just permitted to include two youngsters. In any case, in Ender Wiggen's case, the administration accepted that he was the missing connection, the extraordinary administrator who might lead Earth to triumph against the feared Buggers. Which Ender achieves. Thirds, in any case, were avoided, singled out, and regularly left out in light of the fact that they were tried to be social out throws. Launchies were the newcomers to the Battle School. They were consistently around six years of age, and were frequently the toadies of the more seasoned kids fighters. Next came the platoon's. company's were the fundamental battling gathering, which was only the essential officer, they had little regard from others just as themselves. Unit pioneers in any case, were the more wanted situations at the Battle School. They were the best of the officers, and were veterans. Picked over some stretch of time, and flight assessing were the Army Leaders. Every Army Leader was relied upon to act a specific way, solidified and insightful, just as exacting. Those, who made it to Army Leader regularly graduated, and did battle against the Buggers. Over these classes were the political standings. They were frequently c...

My Most Unfotgottable Moment Essay Example For Students

My Most Unfotgottable Moment Essay In each human life, there is a life-changing youth frequencies. There could be numerous or only one. These excursions can be positive or negative and perhaps end up useful or not. I too had scarcely any such occurrences both great and terrible ones. In this review, I will describe one of my great experience which truly welcomed genuine joy on the essence of my mom. Be that as it may, they happened some place in the year 1995 when I was around age comprising of seven family unit. Townspeople make their employment from the agribusiness. Summer season is their busiest season. The residents needs to work in the field to make their living. They must be occupied both day and night. During day time they need to work in the field and evening time is to monitor the wild creatures from devastating their items. When the late spring season gets over, the locals joyfully welcome the new season. Winter season is their unwinding season. They are liberated from the agribusiness work. Another excellence of the winter season is the presentation of yearly custom. Each town plays out the yearly custom in winter season each year. All the residents will be welcomed by the host to achieve their custom. The guests will be presented with supper and beverages by the host. At the point when the ceremonial gets over; the visitor will be presented with supper then the individuals will perform moves and yells in their obviousness for the entire night in the wake of having loads of beverages. Guardians won't care about the nearness of their kid. Nobody in the family thinks about who is returning to home and who isn't. A portion of the relative will return back to home after 1 or 2 am to rest yet some part will lost in the middle. They will simply get back by the following morning subsequent to having another beverages from the host. The vast majority of the individuals the individuals who are from the other town will go through their night in the little hovel joined to the fundamental house which is made for keeping the grains. Granddad Tenla was playing out his yearly custom in his home. We all went to accomplish his custom before sun-down according to the greeting. We were finished with the supper by 10 pm and we have been watching the moves and babbling of the individuals till 12 Oclock around evening time. In contrast to different evenings; we truly don't feel lethargic regardless of how much the time is. By 12 past, I returned to our home to lay down with my sister Sangay and mother. Senior siblings were at that point at home since they never achieve those yearly customs. We left our fifth and fourth siblings at the hosts house as we generally do since they were appreciating the moves and in addition they were visiting with their companions from the following town. By the extremely next morning when I woke up, my relatives were in extraordinary strain strolling to a great extent yet I wasnt having any thought regarding the explanation of my folks pressure. My mom was crying a great deal. Following couple of moments amazingly, my third sibling accompanied a lay priest and began performing something which was outside my ability to comprehend. After the entirety of my the two sisters excessively began crying alongside my mom yet I wasnt mindful of the explanation. By around 8 am my cousin sister Sither who was around 5 years more established than me came to play with me as we generally do. We also have little hovel as of different locals to keep our grains and this is the spot were two of us used to play swing each day. It was she who revealed to me that my fourth sibling Sonam is mysteriously absent. .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .postImageUrl , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .focused content zone { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:hover , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:visited , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:active { border:0!important; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; murkiness: 1; progress: haziness 250ms; webkit-progress: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:active , .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:hover { darkness: 1; change: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relative; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content improvement: underline; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-tallness: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; content adjust: focus; content enrichment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-tallness: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba0 0749243bfaf774 .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u727b92bfcfc98ffba00749243bfaf774:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Feline versus Canine EssayHe was lost from the earlier night. My folks were crying since the lay priest has announced that on the off chance that he isn't found before the draining hour that is 9 am (the point at which the residents let their cows for munching subsequent to draining) he will be lost until the end of time. Today I despite everything recall myself being out of pressure, completely occupied with playing swing under that little cottage with my sister when my relatives were crying and in extraordinary tense. I could even now recollect how much pressure my mom was experiencing crying and mentioning the residents to look t hrough my sibling in the timberland close by. My rest of siblings were at that point in timberland scanning for our fourth sibling. The pressure and crying sound of the family were expanding with every moment pass by since 9 am is the most significant time for us on that specific day. My mom was crying and yelling that it is going to 9 Oclock. The priest again referenced that my sibling was covered up by the neighborhood divinity what we call it as tsen. Before 9 am he will be kept close by the town yet after 9 am he will be taken far away what it normally occurs. The greater part of the locals even looked through him in the cabin that I was playing swing however he wasnt there as well. However, out of nowhere I have seen one leg dangling from the opening of the cottage that I was playing the swing. I have contacted the balancing leg with my hand and I felt the leg like an ice. Be that as it may, I simply overlooked what I have recently observed reasoning that my fifth sibling Tashi is playing with me as he generally tills today. In this way, I just took out the self locking pin from dress I was wearing. With my full quality I prude on his leg with my security pin however there was no development of the leg regardless of the amount I snob on his leg with the pin. At that point I returned home to check whether my fifth sibling is at home or not. To my incredulity I have seen him at home as it were. I have educated my mom who was covered under the strain about her lost child about what I have seen few moments prior. My mom legitimately step towards the cottage. She went inside the cabin and discovered my lost sibling lying there unknowingly. It was 9 oclock precisely when we recovered our sibling to our family. The grin and bliss on my moms face was past reasonable by at that point. He at that point become the real explanation behind my moms bliss for having him bursting at the seams with us. His lone wish was to drop out from the school and out of bliss his aching wish was additionally satisfied. I got a lot of adoration and care from the relatives for the above explanation. My sibling subsequent to picking up his awareness described what really had transpired the earlier night. He told that, he was removed towards the timberland by one of obscure man while he was resting in one of the cabin of resident after 2 am. He was taken straightforwardly in to the backwoods. At the point when he recapture his awareness, he saw that he had reached to the profound woods of our town and heard the chicken crows route back in the town. With the sound of chicken which implies by 3 am he at that point divert his way back towards the town. He himself didn't know about how he had entered in that specific hovel since entryway was at that point bolted from outside and there was no space left inside the cabin for any individual to go through. Regardless of what has happened the earlier night yet we were cheerful that we got back our sibling alive. Today more often than not is oblivious in work he take up to do since his half of the cognizant was at that point lost by then when he was lost once in the startling profound timberland by 12 PM. However we the family love him for who and what he is. He was, is and will be consistently sibling to the family and adoring child to his mom.

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach Essay Example

The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach Paper In the two books, a solid topic of sexual disparity is available. This is created in various but then fundamentally the same as ways. For instance, Context (timespans) helps the books to put over this point. The two creators additionally in any event allude to some type of sexual maltreatment, which strengthens the possibility of sexual corruption all through the two books. There is likewise a tireless topic in the two books, of fast inversion, where the female character goes from a status of distinction and opportunity, to one of subjection to mens wants. The two writers utilize story methods to demonstrate the characters point of view to the peruser. Margaret Atwoods sexual topics in The Handmaids Tale are clearly roused by the occasions wherein she composed and distributed the book (mid 80s). To go much further, you could state that Margaret Atwoods way to deal with a tragic American future is persuaded by the political and philosophical sexual morals of pre-1985. While keeping in touch with her novel, Margaret Atwood played with including, in the epigraph, the ongoing UN quote: ladies speak to 50% of the grown-up total populace, [ ] and own short of what one percent of the world property. This thought of ladies [owning] less that one percent of the world property (UN) and men possessing the rest, is an evident abuse against ladies, present in The Handmaids Tale, in which the degree of this proprietorship covers the female body. Clearly the Gileadean system has made this situation with the goal that ladies can't live freely, and depend on men, they in this manner must acknowledge being sub-par. This is demonstrated when Offred talks about when the Gileadeans assumed control over the nation, when all ladies were alleviated of their employments. Its bizarre, presently, to consider having a vocation. We will compose a custom article test on The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Occupation. Its an amusing word. Its an occupation for a man. Do a jobbie, theyd state to kids when they were being can prepared. Or on the other hand of canines: he carried out a responsibility on the rug. (182) Offred does numerous things when she plays with the word work in her mind. Right off the bat she makes an exceptionally disparaging tone towards ladies, Do a jobbie, theyd state to youngsters when they were being latrine prepared, proposes that Offred feels that herself, just as other ladies, should have been cared for. In any case, by knowing Offreds character, we realize that she doesn't genuinely feel this, yet feels how the system needs her as well. She at that point proceeds to contrast herself with a canine, keeps an eye on closest companion. This shows she feels like her significant other, Luke, possessed her, at that point, she didn't claim herself, and doesnt as we progress through the novel. On Chesil Beach differences to Atwoods tale (for this situation). McEwans tale was distributed in 2007, an ongoing year, in a timeframe with no observable sexual changes going on. Anyway the setting of the plot gives more knowledge into how sexual imbalance was utilized to make pressure on Florence. The tale is set in the mid 60s, the cusp of the sexual transformation, nicknamed The swinging-sixties. At the point when individuals were starting to try different things with non-conjugal sex (Free Love), and all the more critically, ladies start to have more control in the room. At the point which Edward and Florence are in their conjugal suite Florences sexual feelings depend on the cusp of this new-time sexual business as usual, and the previous manners wherein the man is prevailing, this causes space for an implicit weight upon Edward and Florence similarly, to rule the situation. This causes Florences body to be utilized as the scape goat for Edwards absence of control of his own body Both books seem to have some trace of sexual maltreatment present in the lives of the female characters. In The Handmaids Tale Offred and different Handmaids are made to partake in The Ceremony; the premise of the Gileadian system. During The Ceremony, the Commander has sex with Offred which, as indicated by the laws of the system is only for procreative purposes. All through the function Offred occupies herself from the present, not by thinking about the past or future legitimately, yet by overthinking the circumstance, this gives the peruser a portrayal from a spectators perspective. This interruption shows that in spite of the fact that the physical body is all the Regime has enthusiasm for, the brain is a considerably more remarkable asset to the person. Atwood utilizes Offreds ever unpolished language to create the crowds feelings, Below it the Commander is screwing. What he is screwing is the lower some portion of my body (105) By utilizing a progressively coarse expression, Offred clarifies that The Ceremony is awful act that she needs to suffer, by saying What he is screwing is the lower some portion of my body she disconnects herself from the demonstration, which shows that she sees it, the Commander and herself with hatred for being a piece of this. She proceeds with I don't state having intercourse, since this isn't what hes doing. Having sexual intercourse also would be erroneous, on the grounds that it would suggest two individuals and just one is included. She reveals to us that the entirety of this is [his] doing, she again attempts to separate herself from any association, this is differentiated by Nor rapes spread it: nothing is going on here that I havent pursued. Offred is by all accounts mostly influenced by the system here, proposing this was her decision, yet as we probably am aware this isn't totally evident, their solitary other decision was what many would think about a more regrettable destiny, heading off to the Colonies and working in awful conditions until they kicked the bucket of starvation, radioactive harming and other such excruciating deaths. Or on the other hand, as we find later, she could turn into a typical whore, serving the officers for sexual delight as opposed to reproduction. This obviously shows in the religious government, ladies are seen as assets; reproduction, physical work, or pleasurable sex. d This connections near On Chesil Beach: McEwan indicates all through the novel that Florences fear of sex is established from before. Here came the past in any case, the vague past McEwan clarifies the Florence has clearly been making a decent attempt to overlook this piece of her youth, thusly telling the crowd that whatever she is currently inadvertently recalling, is a truly disturbing one. She was twelve years of age, lying despite everything like this, pausing, shuddering in the tight bunk with cleaned mahogany sides . Florence thinks about the manner in which she lay on a bunk in a bed on her dads vessel, to how she is lying, feeling powerlessly exposed while Edward disrobes in anticipation of their adoration making, this proposes a horrible sexual encounter happened now in her life. Such injury is appeared by the underscored detail of the wooden inside, apparently she was attempting to focus on anything other than the current circumstance, much like she is doing in the lodging. It was late at night, and her dad was moving around the lodge, uncovering, similar to Edward now. We are informed that her dad is removing his garments a similar way the Edward is. McEwan clarifies unpretentiously that there are various strategies for de-robing, and having clarified prior that Edward stripped swiftly, we are giving knowledge into an inferred fatherly assault of Florence at a youthful age. A stunning disclosure, that McEwan just indicates, further accentuating the way that it is an example too awful to even think about discussing. The way that Florence is one a vessel, crossing the channel implies that she can't escape from her dad, she is caught, truly, where as now she is caught intellectually; she needs to satisfy Edward, however she doesnt need to must be placed in a sexual circumstance once more. Edward is absent to this reality, yet doesn't ask either. The peruser is given the assurance information that if Edward were maybe increasingly delicate, and didn't consider Florence to be a ware for sex on their wedding night, he would have the option to comprehend the issue much better, maybe to a degree that they could spare their marriage. Another procedure utilized by the two authors to show that the female is only the body, is that of quick inversion of rights. During one of Offreds flashbacks, she re-experience the day of the Gileadean overthrow. At the point when she is recalling lying in bed with her better half, having quite recently been told she could not work anymore, or own her own belongings, and deal with her records, and that they were totally controlled, rather, by the man in the relationship, she arrives at the resolution that, We are not every others, any more. Rather, I am his. (192). Offred, utilizes this straightforward sentence to some up what occurred through the span of a couple of days, by bringing the time period from days to a couple of words, shows how rapidly she has lost each opportunity that she once had. depicts how the fairness that she once had in her relationship, has declined, and she is frail, and Lukes subordinate. All through the novel Atwood depicts how it isn't only the handmaids who surrender to the fast inversion in the Gileadean culture. The epic has a compact pecking order, that is, one with no special cases. In the event that, before the upset occurred, a ladies were barren, a symptom of the organic weapon; Agent Orange (as we discover in the Historical Notes), and had no spouse, and no utilizations, she would be regarded an unwoman, and be sent to the states to work herself to death. On the off chance that they were fruitless however helpful (I. e: spouse to an upstanding citizen, or had aptitudes and were eager to be a piece of the Republic of Gilead), they would turn into a Commanders Wife, a Martha, an Aunt, in addition to other things. Ladies had almost no state in any of these issues. Such an abuse of their privileges, lessening them so rapidly to basic generalizations, shows how quick inversion was utilized to turn the ladies int

Friday, August 14, 2020

The 9 Major Research Areas in Social Psychology

The 9 Major Research Areas in Social Psychology Theories Social Psychology Print The 9 Major Research Areas in Social Psychology By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on October 07, 2019 Mitchell Funk / Getty Images More in Theories Social Psychology Behavioral Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Biological Psychology Psychosocial Psychology In This Article Table of Contents Expand Social Cognition Attitudes Violence and Aggression Prosocial Behavior Prejudice and Discrimination Social Identity Group Behavior Social Influence Interpersonal Relationships View All Back To Top There are numerous topics that social psychologists investigate in their research. Many of these subjects are related to social influence, social perception, and social interaction. Here are just a few of the major areas of interest within social psychology. Social Cognition Social cognition is concerned with the processing, storage, and application of social information. This research area is closely related to the field of cognitive psychology, a research area focusing largely on the concept of schemas. Schemas are our general ideas about the world, how things are, and how things work. These mental shortcuts allow us to function without constantly stopping to interpret everything around us. We also develop associations between related schemas, which plays an important role in the thought process and social behavior. Attitudes and Attitude Change Another major research area in social psychology involves the study of attitudes. Social psychologists are interested in the components of attitudes, how attitudes develop, and how attitudes change. Researchers have identified three core components of attitude: an effective component, a behavioral component, and a cognitive component. Often referred to as the ABCs of attitude, these elements describe how we feel, behave, and understand. Violence and Aggression What causes violence and aggression? Social psychologists are interested in how and why people engage in violence or act aggressively. Research in this area looks at numerous factors that may cause aggression including social variables and media influences. Researchers often look at the role social learning plays in producing aggressive behaviors and actions. Prosocial Behavior Prosocial behavior is another major research area in social psychology. Prosocial behaviors are those that involve helping and cooperating. Researchers often look at why people help others, as well as why they sometimes refuse to help or cooperate. The bystander effect is an example of a social phenomenon in the subject area. Much of the research in this area was prompted by the murder of a young woman named Kitty Genovese. This case captured national attention when reports revealed that neighbors had witnessed her attack and murder, but failed to call the police for help. Research inspired by the Genovese case produced a great deal of information on prosocial behavior and how and why people chooseâ€"or sometimes refuseâ€"to help others. Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice, discrimination, and stereotypes exist in any social group. Social psychologists are interested in the origins, causes, and effects of these types of attitudes and social categorizations. How does prejudice develop? Why are stereotypes maintained in the face of contrary evidence? These are just a few of the questions social psychologists seek to answer. Self and Social Identity Our perceptions of social identities and ourselves are another important research area in social psychology. How do people come to know and understand themselves? How do these self-perceptions affect our social interactions? Social psychologists are interested in learning more about how this inner life influences our outer lives and social world. Self-awareness, self-esteem, self-concept, and self-expression are just a few of the factors that influence our social experience. Group Behavior The behavior of groups is one of the largest research areas in social psychology. Most people realize that groups tend to behave differently than individuals. These group behaviors are sometimes beneficial and positive, but they can also be detrimental and negative. Social psychologists often look at topics such as group dynamics, leadership, group decision making, conflicts, cooperation, and group influence. Social Influence Social psychologists are also interested in the role that social influence has on behavior and decision making. Topics such as the psychology of persuasion, peer pressure, conformity, and obedience are just a few of those studied in this area of social psychology. Research has helped reveal the power of social influence and has uncovered ways to help people resist influence. Interpersonal Relationships Social relationships play a major role in shaping behavior, attitudes, feelings, and thoughts. Social psychologists study how these interpersonal relationships affect people by looking at the attachment, liking, love, and attraction. How close relationships affect individuals, how important interpersonal relationships are, and what causes attraction are just some of the areas social psychologists look at in-depth. Social Psychology Field Overview

Sunday, June 21, 2020

A history of law in England - Free Essay Example

Rules are necessary in a civilised society to assist us in solving disputes, arising between à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the state and the citizen, or between citizens themselvesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (Portsmouth NHS Trust v Wyatt and Wyatt [2005] per Hedley J at [4]). However, in any dispute, each party will have rules and principles that best suit their own beliefs or interests. These may vary, depending on their religion, their profession or their status (for example, as a parent, family member or teacher). It is therefore necessary to have a single set of rules that govern everyone equally, so that the decision reached in a dispute is external to the beliefs of any particular group (Arthur et al, Unit 26, p.150). The formal rules governing citizens of a country are described as laws. In order for laws to gain the respect of society, they must follow common values that society holds. Society expects laws to be just and to always be tied to justice (Arthur et al, Unit 26, p.147). But t he values held by the public and society generally change and evolve, and the law therefore has to, and indeed does, evolve in an attempt to meet those values. This can be demonstrated by the evolution of the law relating to corporate manslaughter. During the period 2005-2006, 212 workers were killed at work and an additional 146,076 non-fatal injuries were reported (Health and Safety Commission, 2006). Successful prosecutions for such incidents were extremely rare. A number of large scale disasters, such as the Clapham Junction crash in 1997 and the Potters Bar crash in 2002 (Arthur et al, Unit 23 p.18) also saw companies escape liability for serious loss of life, despite evidence of major failings in the organisation, due to lack of evidence. Such incidents might have been treated as unfortunate accidents, but changes in the perceptions of society mean that today people are more concerned that organisations should be held accountable for their failings (Arthur et al, Unit 23 p.8). The law has had to evolve to meet these views. Previously, in order to secure a conviction against a company, it was necessary to identify a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"controlling mindà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ in that company that was responsible for the particular failings. But as for the PO ferry disaster, it was often the case that the failings of many different people at all levels contributed to the disaster. The introduction of the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 made it easier to prosecute medium and large-sized companies where gross failures of management have led to death. Under the Act, it is now only necessary per Section 1(1) to establish that the way in which the senior management has managed or organised the activities of the organisation is a substantial element of the breach that caused the death. This is no easy feat, as identified by Harris (Harris, cited in Arthur et al, Unit 23 pp.27-29), but it is thought that the Act will improve accountability. However , this is still against the corporation as a legal entity, rather than the individuals concerned. This means that whilst the changes demonstrate the evolution of the law to meet societyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s demand for accountability, further change may be necessary in the future, as society may not be satisfied that the Act does enough to address its demands. Such a process reflects how the law has evolved to deal with the demands of society, and this process shows that it is à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“never staticà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  and is à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“always changingà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (Harris, 2007, p.1). The variety of disputes that are brought before the courts is endless. Whilst Parliament strives to produce a comprehensive law that covers as many of these disputes as possible, it is part of the Courtsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ role to à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"flesh outà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ this law by applying it to new circumstances not previously contemplated by the Legislature. This process expands the law; and sometimes, the Courts redefine their application, changing the way they have viewed an Act of Parliament previously. Although the Courts are not rule-makers, in this way, they à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“reinterpretà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  and à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“redefineà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  the law (Harris, 2007, p.1). Such redefinition may not just result from the values of society but also the way society is constructed. For example, the concept of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ has changed a great deal through the years. Traditionally a family consisted of a married couple, together with (usually) two children (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.36). Nowadays, this is far from the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"normà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. One in eight children experience life in a step-family by the age of 16 (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.37) and in 2007, 14% of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familiesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ were cohabiting rather than married (BBC, 2007). Unfortunately, the law does not define the term à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familyà ¢Ã ¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.43) à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" this is left for the Courts to do à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" but it would certainly be unjust to apply the traditional concept of the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"nuclear familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ when applying the law, since this does not represent the reality. Case law has understood à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ to be those with consanguineous or affinal ties, but this does not always reflect how society defines family. Homosexual couples have historically not had affinal ties because they have not been permitted to marry. Under the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973, a marriage would not be legal when the parties are not male and female respectively (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.46). The Civil Partnership Act 2004 now allows homosexuals to partner in a marriage-like relationship, and thus, the law treats them as family, entitling them to similar legal rights as a traditional married couple. However, the Civil Partnerships Act applies only to homosexual couples à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" heterosexual couples were dropped from its scope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" meaning that unmarried couples still have issues like Anna Homsi, who was told she could not claim the war widowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s pension in respect of her long term partner with whom she had a child, as she was unmarried (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.53). In this respect, the concept of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ in a legal context has been redefined to reflect changes in society, but as for corporate manslaughter, the principles relating to marriage and family need addressing further (and indeed have been subject to further proposed reform) to accurately deal with the new types of families and relationships that are prevalent in society (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.52-54). The rules set out by Parliament in the form of the law cannot be overridden by the Courts. If Parliament has made its intention clear in the words of a statute, the Court has no place to decide a ca se in conflict with that statute (bar situations where Parliament has said it can à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" for example, by agreeing on the supremacy of European Law). Parliament strives to update the law to reflect changing values in society so that whilst not every faction of society will agree with every law, generally the law enacted is representative of society as a whole. This is reflected in the way that every new piece of legislation is generally subject to a lengthy consultation process where bodies such as the Law Commission collect the views of as many stakeholders as possible, before evaluating the best way for the law to evolve, and making recommendations to this end. In this regard, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“regulatorsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ striveà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ to ensure that the law constantly reflects changes in society itselfà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (Harris, 2007, p.1). Where a matter does not fall under a particular Act, the Courtsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ role will be to extend the law to apply to a given scenario. It may be that the Courts have already done this in the past and thus there is an example decision to follow. The doctrine of precedent, holding that previous decisions made by higher courts are followed in future cases where the facts are similar, may determine a particular direction is taken in deciding a case. However, the higher Courts sometimes depart from precedent to ensure that the law continues to reflect the values held by society. Arthur et al gives an example of a situation where sticking to a precedent would produce an unjust result. The example is of a swimming race, the rules to which stated à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the winner is the first swimmer to touch the side of the pool with both handsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . The winner of the race in question had only one arm and was consequently disqualified (Hutchinson, 1988, p. 23). In such a scenario, clearly it would be appropriate not to apply the rule, as drafted, quite literally. The result would be unjust. In such circumstances, the courts may have to read additional words into the rule to produce a just result, although they cannot read words into the statute that go against the will of Parliament. As noted, if the law is applied unjustly it will lose its credibility and fail to gain the support of society. It is essential that judges keep this in mind when applying the law. As well as interpreting Acts of Parliament in such a way as to reflect changes in society, judges may be required to define their scope. Where an Act does appear to clearly set out the views of Parliament, the limitations of its application may be determined by the Courts. For example, Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“ECHRà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ), brought into effect in English law by the Human Rights Act 1998, denotes that: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Everyones right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which the penalty is provided by lawà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . In Portsmouth NHS Trust v Wyatt, this right is qualified. The case involved a seriously ill baby, Charlotte Wyatt, who had no sensation other than that of pain. The parents naturally wanted to prolong her life, but the doctors felt to resuscitate her, if she stopped breathing, would prolong her pain and distress. In reaching a decision, Hedley J makes reference to Re J (A Minor) (Wardship: Medical Treatment) [1991], in which Lord Donaldson notes that a balancing exercise is to be performed in assessing the course of action to be adopted that represents the best interests of the childà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (cited in Portsmouth NHS Trust v Wyatt, at [24]). Lord Donaldson goes on to say that there is a strong presumption in favour of treatment to prolong life à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" but this is not irrebuttable. Account must be made of the pain and suffering involved in the proposed treatment. In the Wyatt case, Charlotte already had a very limited life expectancy and so Donaldsonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s comments in Re J (A Minor) that a treatment would not be in the best interests of the child where it would à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“cause increased suffering and produce no commensurate benefità ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (Lord Donaldson, Re J (A Minor), at 46à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å"47 and 375) were particularly relevant to Charlotte. Hedley J also makes reference to Taylor LJ in the same case who stated that the absolute right to life would certainly not prevail where à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the only way of preserving life [is] by the continuous administration of extremely painful treatmentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . Since the absolute right to life was rejected, the criteria was then à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“a matter of degreeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . Treatment should be withheld only in extreme cases but Taylor suggested that these cases would be where the child in question, if capable of exercising sound judgment, would consider the life tolerable under the proposed treatment (per Taylor LJ, Re J (A Minor), at at 55 and 383). Taking these judgements into account, the Court in Portsmouth NHS Trust v Wyatt reached the conclusion that it would not be in baby Charlotteà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s best interests for her great pain and distress to be allowed to continue if, after she ceased to breathe, she was deliberately resuscitated. In this way, they qualified the Human Rights Act 1998 and the scope of Article 2 ECHR. This qualification did not reflect any particular view of Parliament but instead reflected the views of society, embodied in the professional medical opinion of the doctors. In this way, the judge can be seen to have strived à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“to ensure that the law constantly reflects changes in society itselfà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (Harris, 2007, p.1). Whilst it is clear from the way the law develops that the Legislature and Judiciary both strive to ensure it reflects changes in society, its ev olution cannot always be described as à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"successfulà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. As noted, the law must be just and applied justly, without which it has no value (per Mummery LJ, quoted in Flannery, 2006). However, the Legislature can only enact laws that meet with the values of the majority. This means that not everyone will share the same values that the law purports to uphold. For example, society has increasingly recognised the rights of children as being equal to those of adults, and consequently the Children Act 1989 gave children the right to express an opinion about matters affecting their welfare, to which the Court must have regard when deciding issues such as where the child should live. The Act also permits children to apply for court orders in their own right. Certain groups have denounced the Act as à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"a Bratà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Charterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, claiming it undermines parental responsibility and adult power over children (Arthur et al, Unit 24, p .65; Lansdown, 1994). In this regard, the changes that the Legislature makes can be seen to have à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"varying degrees of successà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ in that they perhaps go far beyond what was required, empowering children to à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"divorceà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ their parents or à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"demanding the right to do whatever they wantedà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.65), not what was originally intended by the enactment of the Act. Further, the Courts cannot apply the law in such a way that goes against the will of Parliament. This means that they may strive to reinterpret or redefine the law to meet changes but there is a limit to how far they can do this. Thus in Cairns and Gamble, the Court, with regret, were not able to extend the definition of the word à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ to assist Miss Cairns in obtain protection of her tenancy under the Rents Act (Reader 3, Reading 36, p.97). The Court was bound to consider the legal meaning of family and could not depart from this, even though society (particularly in the area concerned) would have recognised Miss Cairns as living in a family relationship, albeit without consanguineous ties. It is clearly not always possible for the judge to refine the law to meet changes in society when the degree of change required would go against what Parliament intended. In conclusion, it is clear that the set of enforceable rules that make up our law are ever changing, evolving, being reinterpreted and redefined. We have seen how both the Legislature strives to change the law to meet societyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s demands and the Judiciary strives to apply the law as far as possible to meet the values of society as a whole. However, both experience varying degrees of success. Because values are so diverse, changes will not be approved by every member of society. The passage of legislation, from the initial consultation to the final enactment, is sometimes extremely prolonged and c omplicated the Deceased Wifeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Sister Act 1907, for example, took 65 years, 46 debate sessions and 18 successful second readings in the House of Commons before it became law (Arthur et al, Unit 24 p.47). Similarly, the Judiciary are faced with the difficult task of applying the law uniformly whilst upholding the quality of justice in their decisions. Even where a conclusion seems morally unjust, sometimes judges are limited in the action they can take, since their role is to apply and interpret, not to make the law. Arthur R. et al. (2007) Block 7 Justice, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University BBC News, Tuesday, 6 November 2007, The UK family: In statistics [Accessed 1 September 2008 via Google using keywords à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"uk typical familyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢] Diduck, A. and Kaganas, F. (1999) à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Cairns and Gambleà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, Family Law, Gender and the State, Oxford, Hart. à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Reading 36à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, Reader 3, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University, p.97 Harris, P. (2007) An Introduction to Law (7th edn), Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, p. 1 cited in W100 Assessment Guide Part 3 (2008) p.3 Health and Safety Commission (2006) Health and Safety Statistics 2005/6 (online), available at quoted in Arthur R. et al. (2007) Block 7 Justice, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University, p.9 Hutchinson, A. (1988) Dwelling on the Threshold, Toronto, Carswell, quoted in Arthur R. et al. (2007) Block 7 Justice, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University, p.138 Lansdown, G., (1994) à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Childrenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Rightsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, in Mayall, B. (ed.) Childrenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Childhoods: Observed and Experienced, London, The Falmer Press, p.37; cited in Arthur R. et al. (20 07) Block 7 Justice, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University, p.65 Mummery LJ, quoted in Flannery, L. (2006) à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"In the eye of the beholder?à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, New Law Journal, vol. 156, no. 7212, pp. 279, in Arthur R. et al. (2007) Block 7 Justice, W100 Rules, Rights and Justice, Milton Keynes, The Open University p.155 Cases Portsmouth NHS Trust v Wyatt and Wyatt [2005] 1 FLR 21 Re J (A Minor) (Wardship: Medical Treatment) [1991] Fam 33, [1991] 1 FLR 366